Don Quixote, Miguel de Cervantes

Historical and Cultural Context

During the Spanish Golden Age, Spain was a powerful empire with a rich cultural and religious heritage. It was a time of great social and political change, marked by the growth of the middle class and the decline of feudalism. The rise of new technologies, such as the printing press, also helped spread knowledge and ideas across the country.

Don Quixote, written by Miguel de Cervantes during this time, reflects the social and political climate of Spain. The novel is a critique of feudal society and the rigid social hierarchy that existed at the time. Don Quixote's quest to become a knight and right wrongs represents a desire for social mobility and the ability to challenge the status quo. The novel also comments on the use of technology, such as guns and the printing press, in warfare and the spread of information.

In addition, Don Quixote reflects the religious tensions of the time. Spain was predominantly Catholic, and the novel critiques the use of religion as a means of control and the hypocrisy of those who claim to be religious while acting immorally.

Overall, the social and political climate of Spain during the Golden Age had a significant influence on Don Quixote, which reflects the desire for social change and the critique of the traditional power structures of Spanish society.

A) A time of war and turmoil

B) A time of great social and political change

C. A time of strict censorship and repression

D. A time of economic stagnation

A. It led to increased feudalism and aristocratic power

B. It sparked a revolution and overthrow of the monarchy

C. It led to a decline in social hierarchy and increased social mobility

D. It had no significant impact on Spanish society

A. The decline of feudalism

B. The use of technology in warfare

C. The rigid social hierarchy of Spanish society

D. The political corruption of the monarchy

A. It promotes the idea of religious tolerance and diversity

B. It critiques the hypocrisy of those who claim to be religious while acting immorally

C. It celebrates the power and influence of the Catholic Church

D. It has no significant commentary on religion.

DISCUSSION: Is Don Quixote a hero or a fool? 

Further reading