In the aftermath of World War II, Britain, along with the rest of Europe, was recovering from the harrowing devastation, setting the stage for a reshaped world. Alongside this recovery emerged the Cold War, where the ideological battles between democracy and communism began to take root. These tensions between the West and the Soviet Union highlighted the stark contrast in governance.
Totalitarian regimes of the 20th century deeply influenced Orwell's narrative. The chilling methods of Stalin's USSR, marked by brutal purges, constant surveillance, and extreme censorship, mirrored the omnipresent "Big Brother" in 1984. Additionally, the harrowing use of state propaganda and manipulation in Nazi Germany underlined the terrifying potential of absolute power in the hands of a few.
The post-war era was also marked by rapid technological advancements. From groundbreaking communication tools to surveillance equipment and warfare technologies, the modern world was taking shape. But with these advancements came concerns. Many feared that governments might harness this technology not for the betterment of their citizens, but to control and monitor them relentlessly.
Orwell's personal experiences also played a crucial role in shaping 1984. Having participated in the Spanish Civil War, he saw firsthand the dangers of propaganda, deceit, and the sheer brutality of clashing political ideologies. His work as a journalist further exposed him to the risks of unchecked power and the perilous path of manipulated truths.